Researching and purchasing heavy equipment is a serious project. Perhaps the most important step in buying machinery is to learn as much as you can about the equipment.
Before signing on the dotted line, here’s what you need to look for when inspecting heavy equipment:
Engine, Transmission, & Hydraulic Parts
Be sure to:
- Rev the engine
- Check for smoke, sounds, and warning lights
- Review pressure readings
The Body of the Machine
- Evidence of welding
The Interior of the Cab
- Steering mechanisms
- Seat adjustment
- Dashboard functions
- Comfort of seat
- Visibility through the protective glass
Fluids & Exhaust
Verify appropriate levels and cleanliness of:
- Engine oil
- Transmission fluid
- Hydraulic fluid
Observe exhaust after cold start for:
- Black smoke = there’s too much fuel in the air/fuel mix
- Blue smoke = engine is burning oil
- White smoke = fuel is burning incorrectly
Tires, Tracks, Drivetrains, & Brakes
- Cracks or bubbles in tires
- Uneven wear in tires (could indicate a drivetrain issue)
- Noisy brakes
- Missing or broken tracks or bolts
Equipment Tier & Technology Level
- Is this equipment more advanced than I’m comfortable with?
- Do I know how to use the equipment properly?
- Am I certified to operate this machine?
Reviewing these six key areas of your selected piece of equipment is just one of many steps in buying a new piece of machinery. For more information about the modern shopping process, check out all of Equipment Trader’s resources for buying heavy equipment.