With so many different types of construction machinery out there, we couldn’t help but wonder what were the most popular types. To find our answer, we looked at which construction equipment categories had the most inventory listed for-sale on EquipmentTrader.com. Based on that research, here are the 5 most popular types of construction equipment:
Excavators are large pieces of equipment that use hydraulic power to coordinate the use of a boom, stick (or dipper), and bucket to accomplish digging, demolition, trenching, material handling, and other earthmoving projects. The base of the boom, operator cab, engine, main control valve, and main hydraulic pump make up the excavator’s body or house, which sits on top of an undercarriage with wheels or tracks. Excavators can have additional attachments to meet different needs.
Excavators are manufactured by Bobcat, Caterpillar, John Deere, Kobelco, Komatsu, Kubota, and more.
2. Loaders & Skid Steers
Loaders and skid steers are machinery equipped with a wide front-end bucket or blade. Loaders move via wheels or tracks to scoop up and transport materials such as dirt, rocks, or demo waste, and can also be used to grade or level the ground. Other attachments allow loaders to accomplish a range of additional tasks. A popular type of compact loader is the skid steer, which has bucket arms located beside the operator and differential steering, allowing it to easily maneuver in tight spaces.
Loaders and skid steers are manufactured by Bobcat, Case, Caterpillar, John Deere, Kubota, New Holland and more.
Dozers, short for bulldozers, are powerful machines that use a wide blade to push materials such as earth, sand, brush, and debris for land clearing, digging, or leveling. They often have a rear, claw-like ripper, which can break up dense material to become easier to transport. Dozers typically move via continuous tracks, which help distribute weight and allow them to move over soft or wet ground without sinking. Dozer blades can range in width from 8 to 16 feet, and may be straight or curved.
Dozers are manufactured by Case, Caterpillar, International, John Deere, Komatsu, and more.
Backhoes, or backhoe loaders, are pieces of equipment with a front-facing loading bucket or blade and a rear-facing excavating bucket. The rear bucket operates via a boom and stick (or dipper) combination that digs the bucket down and then drags it backward towards the machine, gathering up the dirt or other material. Powered by hydraulics, backhoes are used for excavation, material handling, demolition, and landscaping, and can be equipped with a range of attachments.
Backhoes are manufactured by Case, Caterpillar, JCB, John Deere, Kubota, and more.
5. Smooth Drums
Smooth drums are equipment units that feature a heavy, cylindrical drum used to compact and/or flatten dirt, asphalt, or other surfaces. They achieve compact, even surfaces due to the impact and pressure from the drum’s weight and the consistency of the drum’s smooth surface. Used most in roadwork, smooth drums are available in single or double drum configurations. They are also known as smooth drum rollers or compactors, smooth wheeled rollers, static rollers, or road rollers.
Smooth drum rollers are manufactured by Bomag, Dynapac, Hamm, Ingersoll-Rand, Sakai, and more.
Conclusion: While these are the top five types of heavy construction machinery, there are many more kinds of equipment out there! To find your next piece of machinery, check out all the inventory available for-sale and for-rent nationwide on EquipmentTrader.com or our sister site RockAndDirt.com.